Mek’ele is the capital city of the Tigray region, in northern Ethiopia. In the center, the grand palace of 19th-century Emperor Yohannes IV is now the Yohannes IV Museum. The tall Martyrs’ Memorial Monument commemorates those who fought the communist Derg regime in the late 20th century. The city’s markets are an important stop for salt merchants arriving from the Danakil Depression in the country’s northeast.
Elevation: 2,254 m
Area: 24.44 km²
Weather: 19°C, Wind E at 16 km/h, 49% Humidity
Population: 310,436 (2018)
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international, or within the traveller’s country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go “beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only”, as people “traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”.
Tourism can be domestic or international, and international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country’s balance of payments. Today, tourism is a major source of income for many countries, and affects the economy of both the source and host countries, in some cases being of vital importance.