Destinations: Northern and Southern part of Ethiopia
Tour Name: – Historical, Natural & Cultural tour
Mode of Transportation: Surface/Flight
Duration: 22 days/21 nights
Arrive at bole international airport and transfer you to your hotel. Then; you will have a city tour in Addis Ababa. Addis Ababa is the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the African Union (AU) with more than 70 embassies and consular representatives in the city. Addis Ababa is the Diplomatic capital of Africa. The city tour includes the national museum, home of Lucy and other hominid skeleton dating back 3.2 million years, holy trinity church, Entoto Mountain, to see the city on the top. Entoto was the first capital city of Ethiopia during the time of Emperor Menelik, and on the way down, you will visit Shero meda where you can easily found traditional Ethiopian clothes, Merkato, the biggest open air market place in Africa and other most important places of the city based on your time and interest. Overnight in hotel
Early in the morning, you will fly to the beautiful city Bahir dar.After chek in your hotel you will take a boat trip on Lake Tana which is the largest lake in Ethiopia to visit the islands monasteries, such as Ura kidanemihiret and Azwa Mariam.And in the afternoon you will walk around the beautiful city of Bahir Dar. You will finish the day with the spectacular sun set view over the lake. Overnight in hotel
After breakfast, continue north to Gonder. The 180 km asphalted road will take you through rural villages, offering wonderful insight into the Amhara culture. After briefly settling in your hotel, and take lunch, you will explore the sights of Gonder including a visit to the Royal enclosure with six castles and several other buildings. Additionally, visit Fasiledes pool, still used for Timket celebration today, and debre birihan sillasie church with the most famous ceiling in Ethiopia. Overnight in hotel
Today you will have a visit to an abandoned Jewish village, one of Gondar’s top ten recommended tourist attractions. A few hundred Jews lived in this village for generations, until they left in the 1980s and early 90s. Some went by foot to Sudan and were airlifted to Israel during Operation Moses in 1984. Others made their way to Addis Ababa and went to Israel from the capital. Wolleka Falasha village, once home to Ethiopian Jews known for their craftsmanship, is now a visitors’ spot, but the residents proudly preserve its Jewish heritage. There are no Jews left in the village of Wolleka. But today, the former Jewish village is a kitschy shopping stop for tourists. Overnight: in the hotel.
Today early in the morning you will drive to Semein Mountain via Debark city. The Semein Mountain is said to be the roof of Africa and has got a national park with a beautiful land scape where the walia Ibex, Semein red wolf and Gelada baboon all endemic to Ethiopia are found, you will trek to the first sight sanka ber to enjoy one of the best views in the semein mountains National park. Overnight camping at Sankaber
Aksum is a city in northern Ethiopia. It’s known for its tall, carved obelisks, relics of the ancient Kingdom of Aksum. Most are in the northern Stelae Park, including a huge fallen pillar, now in pieces. Centuries-old St. Mary of Zion is a Christian church and pilgrimage site believed to have housed the biblical Ark of the Covenant. The neighboring Chapel of the Tablet is said to contain the Ark today. Overnight in hotel
Today will be a full day visiting the sites of Axum, including the famous obelisks (one that was recently erected after being returned from Italy), the Queen of Sheba’s Bath (which supplies water to Axum year-round), King Bazen’s tomb, and the Queen of Sheba’s Palace. You can also visit the St. Mary of Zion church, where the Ark of the Covenant is kept. Only men are allowed to enter the old church. Unfortunately, no one (except one specially chosen guardian monk) is allowed to enter the chapel where the Ark is kept. Overnight in Axum in hotel
Today you will start your journey to the ancient civilize city of Axum, on the way, we will visit the ruins of Yeha and dating from the 8th to 5th centuries BC, and thought to be the capital of Ethiopian civilization before Axum. Afterward, visit the Nejashi mosque which was built in the 7th century when the follower of Prophet Mohammed came to Ethiopia. Their body was buried inside the mosque. Overnight in Mekele in hotel
Today early in the morning, you will drive to the Denakil depression. The Danakil Depression is the hottest place on Earth in terms of year-round average temperatures. It is also one of the lowest places on the planet (100 m below sea level) overnight: Camping at Hammed Ela
Today; you will drive to Erta Ale. Erta Ale volcano is a large basaltic shield volcano in the Erta Ale volcanic range in the central northern Danakil depression (NE Ethiopia). It is famed for its persistent lava lake which has been active during most of the past decades since it was first discovered in the 1960s. Erta Ale is 613 meters tall, with a lava lake, one of only five in the world, at the summit. It is notable for being the longest existing lava lake, present since the early years of the twentieth century. Tonight you will enjoy watching the volcano in the near distance. Overnight camping around the volcano
Lake Afdera is the second largest lake with salt water in the Afar region. The beach along Lake Afdera (Giulietti Lake) is surrounded by foam of salt; transported and accumulated by the wind. You will have a short swim in the emerald-colored lake which seems appropriate and feels like swimming in the Dead Sea. The depressing Afdera town is located along the shores of Lake Giulietti and bases its economy on the extraction of salt from the waters of the lake. After having an enjoyable time on the salty lake you will drive back to Mekele. Overnight: in Mekele hotel
We will drive to the historic city of Lalibela today. Lalibela is named after one of the famous kings of the dynasty who carved out the 11monolithic, semi monolithic and carved rock-hewn churches from the living rock. Overnight in Lalibela hotel
This morning,you will start your tour of the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, visiting the Northwestern Cluster of churches – Bet Medhane Alem, Bet Maryam, Bet Meskel, Bet Danaghel, Bet Mikael & Bet Golgotha (entry not permitted for women). After lunch, continue with the Southeastern Cluster of churches – Bet Gabriel-Rufael, Bet Merkorios, Bet Amanual, and Bet Abba Libanos. Finally, you will visit the most famous of all the churches – Bet Giyorgis, constructed in honor of the patron saint of Ethiopia – Saint George. Overnight in Lalibela hotel
Today early in the morning, you will fly back to Addis Ababa by admiring the beautiful land escape of the northern part of Ethiopia on the top and then you will fly to the beautiful city of Dire Dawa then drive to the historical walled city of Harar which is found in the Eastern part of Ethiopia. Overnight; Hotel/guest house in Harar
Today is a full day discovering the treasures hidden in the narrow alleyways of the walled city of Harar, with its colorful markets, countless mosques and shrines and unique Harari people and their house. Sites to visit include: the House of Rimbaud, Ras Tafari’s House, Ras Mekonnen’s Palace, the Harari National Cultural Center, and the tomb of Emir Nur, who built the famous Jugol, as the wall is known locally. At night you will visit the hyena man, who feeds the hyenas every night just outside the walls of the city. This tradition was started long ago to prevent these wild hyenas from hunting for food in the town. Guests are welcome, and encouraged, to feed the hyena’s themselves Overnight in Harar (hotel or guesthouse)
Today, you will finish your tour to the southern part of Ethiopia. You will drive from Harar to Dire Dawa and get your plane from Dire Dawa to Addis Ababa. Overnight: In a Hotel
Early in the morning after breakfast drive to Arbaminch which means ‘forty springs’. On the way, you will see the Tiya stelae. The site contains 36 monuments, including 32 carved stelae covered with symbols, most of which are difficult to decipher. Overnight in a lodge
In the morning you will take a boat trip on lake Chamo to visit corocodiles, hippos etc. Lake Chamo is rich in a variety of fishes including tiger-fish, giant Nile Perch and catfish. In the bays, a number of hippopotamus emerge at dusk to graze on the grassy shores. Lake Chamo is also a sanctuary for several thousand Nile Crocodiles, which are up to 7m in length. Birdlife is also enjoyable at the lake. In the afternoon, you will visit the Dorze village who are well-known cotton weavers; the Dorze tribe was once warriors. They are famous for their cotton woven cloths and beehive huts. Overnight in a lodge
In the morning you will drive to Jinka with a stop at Tsemay and Bena village. If it is Thursday; you will visit the spectacular Key Afer market where different Omo valley ethnic groups meet in harmony. Overnight: Jinka in a resort.
Drive from Jinka Excursion to the Mursi people via Mago National Park. These people are curious and famous in that the women wear geometrical lip plates in the slits of their lips and in the afternoon you will visit the Ari tribes whose women are known for selling pottery and wearing skirts made from banana trees called Enset. Tribe members wear a lot of jewelry and have many piercings in their ears. They wrap beads and bracelets around their arms and waist for decoration. Overnight: Turmi (In a Lodge).
Today, you will visit the Hammer village in turmi and then drive to Omorate for a visit of Dasench people with a wooden boat crossing the Omo River and if it is a market day, you will visit the Turmi market. Late in the afternoon drive back to Turmi. Overnight (In a Lodge)
This day you will finish your tour and back to Addis Ababa by flight. Then after arrival, you will have some hours for shopping. In the evening, you will have a farewell dinner in the traditional restaurants and enjoy the music and dance of different nations and nationalities of Ethiopia.